在LabourStart上看到一篇以色列總工會（HISTADRUT）的聲明，這聲明顯然是衝著對以色列發起抵制的英國公共服務業工會（UNISON）和運輸與一般工人工會（Transport and General Workers Union, T&GWU）而來的。工會反對國外友會抵制自己國家政府，在我看來，這真是不可思議的事。也因此，我針對這個主題，在網上找了一下，把一些相關資料和前因後果稍微作了一些整理。
我們先來看看以色列總工會發表標題為「以色列總工會決議：駁斥抵制」（Histadrut Resolution – Refuting Boycotts）的五點措辭強硬的聲明：
Added by David Hirsh on July 16, 2007 09:45:22 PM.
1. Out of belief in solidarity among trade unions in general, and the Israeli and Palestinian trade unions in particular, we strongly express our utter objection towards imposing any sort of boycott from any trade union that may directly or indirectly harm employees throughout the globe, regardless of religion, race, sex and nationality;
2. The Histadrut Congress rejects any attempt by a trade union to impose a boycott against the State of Israel, the Histadrut, or the Israeli employees and employers. Any sort of boycott, either as a means or as a goal is an utterly invalid act and it is an attempt to undermine the efforts to achieve a real peace between the Israeli and Palestinian peoples. This Congress believes that the actions for peace should be conducted through a policy of negotiations and discussions and not by actions of intimidations and boycotts. The efforts for peace should be made through positive actions and fair mediation rather than tempestuous declarations and a one-sided attitude, as proposed in the resolutions of UNISON and the T&GWU in Great Britain.
3. The Histadrut views the purpose of the boycott towards the Israeli trade unions and academic institutions an illegitimate means, which basically contradicts the spirit of fraternity, cooperation and solidarity, which is a guiding light for every trade union throughout the world, creates unnecessary tension and substantially damages to the relations and co-existence between the Israeli and Arab unions in general, and the Palestinian trade unions, in particular.
4. The Histadrut Congress is committed to strengthen its relations with trade unions and confederations throughout the world in general and the Palestinian trade unions in particular. Furthermore, the Congress calls on worldwide trade unions to support the enhancement of relations with our Palestinian colleagues, despite the harsh political-security situation that the Israeli and Palestinian peoples face, out of the belief that strengthening the relations between us will be an example and a model for the leadership in the region in order to achieve a comprehensive and viable peace;
5. The Histadrut Congress will not hesitate to break off its relations with any organization or trade union throughout the world which will support the imposing of a boycott that may harm Israeli employees and employers.
接著，我們來看看被以色列總工會怒指為傷害了以色列勞資雙方、傷害了以色列人民感情的英國公共服務業工會（UNISON）和運輸與一般工人工會（Transport and General Workers Union, T&GWU）到底是何許人也？
簡而言之，UNISON就是英國的公共服務業工會，它也是國際公共事業勞工聯合會（Public Service International, PSI）的會員工會。
Who we are
UNISON is Britain’s biggest trade union with more than 1.3 million members. Our members are people working in the public services, for private contractors providing public services and in the essential utilities. They include frontline staff and managers working full or part time in local authorities, the NHS, the police service, colleges and schools, the electricity, gas and water industries, transport and the voluntary sector. Last year UNISON recruited 155,000 new members – 425 per day.
With over 800,000 members in every type of workplace the T&G is the UK’s biggest general union, and has a long and proud tradition of representing members in the workplace.
Since our founding in 1922, all our efforts have been directed towards winning the best possible pay, employment rights and conditions for our members. learn more about the history of the T&G.
Campaigning for you
You can be sure that at all times we are working for our members’ rights – through our campaigns, by winning new employment rights for all working people, and by establishing a national minimum wage. Find out more about our campaigns.
Above all, the T&G is rooted in the communities and workplaces of the people we represent. The structure of T&G, which reflects both industry and regional concerns, ensures that union members get the best representation at local and national level. You can read more about how the T&G is organised and how you fit in elsewhere on this website.
英國公共服務業工會（UNISON）在今年6月20日於布萊頓（Brighton）舉行的第14屆全國代表大會（14th UNISON National Delegates Conference）裡通過了一項決議（第53號決議，巴勒斯坦），要求抵制以色列。
BOYCOTT ISRAEL……BUILD PALESTINE
Boycotting Israel looms large in this afternoon’s debate on Palestine. Proposer’s of motion 53 are keen the debate doesn’t confuse means and ends.
The Wolverhampton motion is foursquare behind a boycott. ‘A boycott’, says the motion, ‘will be ONE of the means to end the occupation’, build a Palestinian state and a loving home to the Refugees just as a boycott was ONE means to overthrow Apartheid.
COSATU, the South African Trade Union Federation, sees the parallels between Apartheid and Israel – Palestine. They have called for a worldwide trade union led boycott of Israel.
Motion 53 calls for an economic, cultural, academic and sporting boycott. Such a boycott will
provide a framework for campaigning. It will channel the energies of supporters.
I would ask you to consider the boycott before buying another Jaffa orange or Caterpillar fashion wear.
Motion 53 doesn’t claim that a boycott alone will end the occupation. Whilst at conference visit the Palestine Solidarity Campaign Stall situated on the 1st Floor of the Conference Centre. You may wish to join PSC. Collect from the stall the material you’ll need for work in your Branch.
Bob Deacon, Wolverhampton Branch West Midlands priority motions
(20/06/07) UNISON delegates today agreed to support a campaign of sustained pressure to end Israel’s occupation of Palestine.
The union was discussing its position after a turbulent few weeks for the Palestinians, which have involved intense fighting between factions, the sacking of the Hamas prime minister and resumption of US and EC diplomatic ties.
Proposing the motion, Tracy Morgan of Wolverhampton General branch said that Palestinians were “living on tenterhooks” and that a renewed campaign would give them “a sense of hope”.
Some delegates were concerned that the move was too extreme and would penalise Israelis.
But Ms Morgan assured them that the intention was not to discriminate against the Israeli people themselves.
“The occupation needs to end so that everyone can live together. And I believe that Israelis and Palestinians do want to live together.”
The motion urges Israel to respect the Palestinian people’s right to self-determination and to establish a state in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip with its capital in Jerusalem.
Conference called on the NEC to:
* continue to work with the Palestine Solidarity Campaign and others, as appropriate;
* continue to develop capacity building projects with the Palestine General Federation of Trade Unions (PGFTU);
* call upon the UK government to end the arms trade with Israel;
* produce UNISON material on Palestine to build knowledge among members;
* consider inviting a PGFTU delegation to the regions.
MOTION 53 Palestine
Yesterday, came news the European Union will restore aid to the occupied Palestinian Territories. At last some relief to communities where employment reaches eighty percent and to public service workers like us who each month for the last 18 months live on tender hooks whether this months they’ll get their wages o half their wages or none of their wages. Why was the aid stopped? Because in January 1996 the Palestinians held a democratic parliamentary elections and the West didn’t like who won. Yet in Israel parties of out-and –out Racists, people who want to transfer the Palestinian population out of the country, service in the government and billions of dollars of US and carry on regardless. One rule for Palestinians, another for Israeli’s.
Our union has supported the Palestinians ever since we formed our union in 1993. We’ve done some magnificent work with our brother and sister Trade Unionists in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip, and here in the UK, with the Palestine Solidarity Campaign. Ten days ago when 20,000 demonstrated in London to say Enough! To forty years of Israeli occupation, UNISON was there. The National Banner, Keith Sonnet, Deputy General Secretary on the Platform.
The Palestine Solidarity Campaign – Like Anti Apartheid of twenty years ago – sees the Trade Unions as the base to build their campaign. Eighteen national Trade Unions representing 5 million workers are now affiliated. But, onference, all this work over all these years and the lives of the Palestinians still get worse.
So, its not enough, is it, Conference. We need more, and our motion calls for redoubled effort at National, Regional and Branch level. No doubt the most controversial part of our motion is the call for a boycott of Israel.
I understand the point of view of those who say, peace requires equality and partnership. Of course it does but where are we starting from? Can a knife and a wound be partners? First the wound must heal and the other guy must put his knife down. We think that ending the occupation is the precondition of any of this. The boycott is not and end in itself. Our aim is to end the occupation. We say ending the occupation demands concerted and sustained pressure on Israel including the boycott.
Tracy Morgan, Wolverhampton General
UNISON National Delegate Conference 2007
Motion 53. Palestine, Carried
Conference continues to consider that a just solution to the Palestine-Israel conflict must be based upon international law and Israel should:
1) withdraw to its 1949-67 borders;
2) allow the refugees of 1948 to return home;
3) remove all its settlements from the Occupied Palestinian Territories and Occupied Syrian Al-Joulan;
4) take down the Apartheid Wall; and
5) respect the Palestinian people’s right to national self-determination and to establish a state in the West bank and the Gaza Strip with its capital in Jerusalem.
Conference notes that the Israeli occupation has now continued for 40 years. It welcomes the formation of the “Enough!" coalition to focus protest on this anniversary.
But Conference believes that ending the occupation demands concerted and sustained pressure upon Israel including an economic, cultural, academic and sporting boycott.
Conference condemns the economic sanctions imposed upon the Occupied Palestinian Territories following Palestinian Parliamentary Elections of 25 January 2006, which make worse the appalling economic circumstances of the occupation. It is a unique example of economic sanctions imposed, not upon an occupier, but upon a population struggling against illegal military occupation.
Conference instructs the National Executive Council to:
a) continue to campaign with the Palestine Solidarity Campaign and others as appropriate;
b) continue to develop capacity building projects with the Palestine General Federation of Trade Unions (PGFTU);
c) call upon the United Kingdom government to end the arms trade with Israel;
d) produce UNISON’s own material on Palestine to build knowledge among members;
e) consider inviting a PGFTU delegation to tour regions;
f) seek ways to work with the Trades Union Congress (TUC) and other trade unions on the basis of the TUC 2006 Congress resolution;
g) raise the issue of Palestine with UNION’s overseas partners and with international trade union federations with the aims of:
i) suspending the European Union/Israel Association Agreement; and
ii) a mandatory United Nations Arms Embargo on Israel of the kind the Security Council imposed on South Africa in 1977; and
h) encourage branches and regions to affiliate to the Palestine Solidarity Campaign (PSC), help build PSC branches and consider twinning with PGFTU organised public sector workers in Palestine.
而運輸與一般工人工會（Transport and General Workers Union, T&GWU）方面，今年7月2-5日同樣在布萊頓（Brighton）舉行了第42屆雙年全國代表大會（42nd Biennial Delegates Conference, BDC 2007）。大會同樣針對抵制色列製造的產品進行了討論。該工會網站上可以找到以下的正式討論紀錄：
…The BDC backed calls for a boycott of Israeli goods in protest at the treatment of the Palestinian people. “We send a message to the Israel state by our support for a boycott of Israeli products and goods," said Barry Camfield. “This is not a call to boycott dialogue or for industrial action. As with South Africa, a boycott played a key part in liberating that country from apartheid. Now, we work to liberate the Palestinian people from their suffering at the hands of the Israeli state’s military machine." Conference also called for an immediate withdrawal from Iraq and the ruling out of military engagement in Iran and Syria.
如果以色列總工會真的如同他們在宣言第四點裡所說的，致力於與巴勒斯坦工會合作、共同邁向和平，那他們不但不應該反抵制，更應該以身作則，加入巴勒斯坦團結運動，要求國際社會擴大對以色列政府和以色列產品的抵制，並且要求以色列政府立刻自佔領區撤軍，讓巴勒斯坦人早日真正獨立建國，並且要求以色列全體國人尊重巴勒斯坦人的權利，不可在侵犯巴勒斯坦人居住地區或給予巴人任何歧視性待遇。這樣，才能真正解決爭端、才能真正為以巴之間帶來和平。這一波對以色列政府及產品抵制的行動，其實正是由南非總工會（COSATU）發起的（詳見 Statement on launch of the of the Occupation Campaign）。
權力使人腐化，絕對的權力使人絕對的腐化，此話果然不假。以色列總工會雖有許多巴勒斯坦裔會員（以色列國內有高達十分之一國民為巴勒斯坦裔）、部分資深幹部甚至也為巴裔，但是在以色列總工會重新加入曾經率兵攻擊巴勒斯坦的工黨，並且入閣、擔任政府首長甚至總理之後，出身自以色列總工會的總理裴瑞茲（Shimon Perez）卻繼續率軍入侵巴勒斯坦，完全違背以色列工會之前的立場。現任以色列國防部長阿米爾‧裴瑞茲（Amir Peretz）之前曾攻打黎巴嫩，而他以前就是以色列總工會理事長！到底是這些當了官的工會幹部背叛了工會，還是工會背叛了自己原本應該堅持的立場？
其實從網上再找下去，不難發現以色列總工會對以色列政府的曖昧態度，早已遭受許多批評，甚至在今年2月份被包括巴勒斯坦總工會（PGFTU）在內的數個巴勒斯坦工會巴勒斯坦的工會發起抵制！（詳見：Palestinian Trade Unions call for boycott of Histadrut）
巴勒斯坦總工會（Palestine General Federation of Trade Unions, PGFTU）
巴勒斯坦團結運動（Palestine Solidarity Campaign ,PSC）
英國運輸與全體工人工會（Transport and General Workers Union, T&GWU）
南非總工會（Congress of the South African Trade Unions, COSATU）
夠了！-停止以色列佔領，還公正予巴勒斯坦人（ENOUGH-End the Israeli occupation, justice for the Palestinians）
南非總工會（Congress of the South African Trade Unions, COSATU）: Statement on launch of the of the Occupation Campaign
Palestinian Trade Unions call for boycott of Histadrut
The Jerusalem Post: Histadrut to cut ties with UK union